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TIP seeks comments on potential funding areas and solicits suggestions for future competitions

In two Federal Register notices, the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) asks for public comments on six NIST-prepared white papers outlining potential areas for research grants and, separately, requests detailed suggestions of critical national needs and associated technical needs for future TIP funding competitions.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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AFM positioning: Shining light on a needle in a haystack

The researchers characterize their new technique as a neat solution to the 'needle in a haystack' problem of nanoscale microscopy, but it's more like the difference between finding the coffee table in a darkened room either by walking around until you fall over it, or using a flashlight.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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NCI $4 million grant supports cancer nanotechnology partnership between University of New Mexico and Sandia Labs

The National Cancer Institute recently announced two five-year awards totaling nearly $4 million for a partnership between the University of New Mexico Cancer Center and Sandia National Laboratories. One $1.95 million grant will fund the creation of a joint Cancer Nanotechnology Platform Partnership, and another $1.8 million grant will pay for a new Cancer Nanotechnology Training Center to train a new generation of multidisciplinary scientists.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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Researchers aim to harvest solar energy from pavement to melt ice, power streetlights, heat buildings

The heat radiating off roadways has long been a factor in explaining why city temperatures are often considerably warmer than nearby suburban or rural areas. Now a team of engineering researchers from the University of Rhode Island is examining methods of harvesting that solar energy to melt ice, power streetlights, illuminate signs, heat buildings and potentially use it for many other purposes.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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Fingerprinting materials with Raman spectroscopy

Laboratory researchers may have found a way to improve Raman spectroscopy as a tool for identifying substances in extremely low concentrations. Potential applications for Raman spectroscopy include medical diagnosis, drug/chemical development, forensics and highly portable detection systems for national security.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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Oil will run dry before substitutes roll out

At the current pace of research and development, global oil will run out 90 years before replacement technologies are ready, says a new University of California, Davis, study based on stock market expectations.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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The cellular basis of neural impulse transmission

Information coded as impulses is transferred from one neuron to its target at synapses. At these close neuron-neuron contacts the impulse opens voltage sensitive calcium channels allowing the influx of calcium ions (Ca2+) and this ion then acts as a 'second messenger' to trigger the release of neurotransmitters by the fusion of a secretory vesicle with the surface membrane. Scientists have now established that the relationship between the calcium channel and the secretory vesicle is very intimate, so much so that the fusion of a secretory vesicle can be triggered by the plume of Ca2+ entering through a very closely situated single calcium channel.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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New drugs, materials unveiled at nanotechnology conference in Israel

A material just one atom thick that is stronger than steel but flexes like rubber. A 'mini-submarine' that can trick the immune system and deliver a payload of chemotherapy deep inside a tumour. They sound like the fantasies of science fiction writers, but they are among the discoveries being presented at Nano Israel 2010, a nanotech conference in Tel Aviv that has attracted researchers from across the science world, united by their work with the very, very small.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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European research alliance for the simplified production of organic solar cells

A tunable infrared laser system for the selective processing of organic layers in opto-electronical components is the goal of the new research project IMPROV, which started in September, 2010. The EU has provided approximately 2.4 million Euros support from the 7th Framework Programme for the project, which will run until 2013.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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Ein Labor auf dem Chip

Der Arbeitsgruppe Prof. Robert Tampe an der Goethe-Universitaet ist es in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Walter-Schottky Institut der TU Muenchen gelungen, eine neue Methode zur automatisierbaren und Hochdurchsatz-geeigneten Untersuchung der hochempfindlichen Membranproteine zu entwickeln.

Posted: Nov 9th, 2010

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