Experimental physicists have developed a thin nanomaterial with superconducting properties. Below about -200 C these materials conduct electricity without loss, levitate magnets and can screen magnetic fields.
Like baristas creating beautiful spirals of creamy foam on the warm surfaces of lattes, researchers have found a way to control the creation of special textured surfaces in magnetically ordered materials.
In the past six years, the project 'Opportunities and Risks of Nanomaterials' intensively studied the development, use, behaviour and degradation of engineered nanomaterials, including their impact on humans and on the environment.
The special nanopowders are used as modifying additives in the production of aluminum alloys. This method will significantly improve the operational properties of the foundry products, and reduce the energy costs for its final processing.
An international team of researchers have created a new structure that allows the tuning of topological properties in such a way as to turn on or off these unique behaviors. The structure could open up possibilities for new explorations into the properties of topological states of matter.
Researchers have shown how to modify commercially available silicon wafers into a structure that efficiently absorbs solar energy and withstands the high temperatures needed for Concentrated Solar Power Plants that might run up to 24 hours a day.
Scientists have shot an electron through an III-V semiconductor nanowire integrated on silicon for the first time. This achievement will form the basis for sophisticated quantum wire devices for future integrated circuits used in advanced powerful computational systems.