In exploring the optical properties of the Madagascar comet moth's cocoon fibers, a research team discovers the fibers' exceptional capabilities to reflect sunlight and to transmit optical signals and images, and develops methods to spin artificial fibers mimicking the natural fibers? nanostructures and optical properties.
Instead of having the batteries' anode and cathode on either side of a nonconducting separator, researchers intertwine the components in a self-assembling, 3D gyroidal structure, with thousands of nanoscale pores filled with the elements necessary for energy storage and delivery.
Researchers made the first observations of waves of atomic rearrangements, known as phasons, propagating supersonically through a vibrating crystal lattice - a discovery that may dramatically improve heat transport in insulators and enable new strategies for heat management in future electronics devices.
Researchers have developed a novel concept that enables colorants which are based on non-toxic materials, which further do not bleach in the sunlight and which do not lose their appearance under high processing temperatures (as needed for glazes of ceramics).
Pure quartz glass is highly transparent and resistant to thermal, physical, and chemical impacts. These are optimum prerequisites for use in optics, data technology or medical engineering. Materials engineers have developed a forming technology to structure quartz glass like a polymer.
Researchers report that magnetite nanoparticles, which are mechanically rotated by external oscillating magnetic fields, could disturb the water/crystal interface and promote supercooling during the freezing process.