A groundbreaking nanoparticle system which stimulates the growth of microalgae - a valuable resource used in the production of biofuels and medical compounds - has been developed by a team of Australian scientists.
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have joined with an international team to engineer and measure a potentially important new class of nanostructured materials for microwave and advanced communication devices. Based on NIST's measurements, the new materials - a family of multilayered crystalline sandwiches - might enable a whole new class of compact, high-performance, high-efficiency components for devices such as cellular phones.
The official Call for Papers have been issued for the 2014 Symposia on VLSI Technology and Circuits to be held at the Hilton Hawaiian Village June 9-12, 2014 (Technology) and June 10-13, 2014 (Circuits). The deadline for paper submissions to both conferences is January 27, 2014.
Scientists have developed a new technique for manufacturing high-efficiency, flexible, thin film solar cells from CIGS (copper indium gallium di-selenide) semiconductors. This has enabled them to achieve an efficiency of 20.4 percent for the conversion of sunlight into electrical energy. As the solar cells are deposited onto plastic foils, they could be produced on an industrial scale using cost-effective roll-to-roll manufacturing.
Scientists have realised the promise of carbon-based nanocomposites for lightweight, high-strength components with novel electrical and thermal properties through knowledge-based control of materials and processing.
With just a single atom, light can be switched between two fibre optic cables at the Vienna University of Technology. Such a switch enables quantum phenomena to be used for information and communication technology.
Advances in flexible and stretchable electronics have prompted nanotechnology researchers to explore ways to create stretchable supercapacitors - robust energy storage devices - to power these and other devices.
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing, the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds. Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California (UC) Berkeley have taken an important step towards unlocking this key with the first ever detailed look at critical ultrafast processes in these diamond defects.
A new way to build membrane-crossing pores, using Lego-like DNA building blocks, has been developed by scientists at UCL, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton.