Researchers achieve versatile light control in tungsten diselenide

(Nanowerk News) New research, published in Light: Science & Applications ("Versatile optical manipulation of trions, dark excitons and biexcitons through contrasting exciton-photon coupling"), conducted by an eminent group in nanophotonics under the leadership of Professor Hongxing Xu, Prof. Xiaoze Liu, and Dr. Ti Wang from the School of Physics and Technology, Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and the Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nanostructures of the Ministry of Education at Wuhan University, China, has adeptly achieved control over different exciton variants within a composite monolayer WSe2-Ag nanowire framework.
Utilizing the distinct valley-spin locked band structures and electron-hole setups of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), this team has advanced significantly towards enabling photonic applications for optical information processing and quantum optics.
The research highlights the disparate interactions between excitons and the surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in Ag nanowires, unveiling unique coupling behaviors attributed to the transition dipoles' orientation. The results indicate an exceptionally high coupling efficiency between dark excitons and dark trions with SPPs, whereas bright trions display directional chiral-coupling characteristics, thereby offering novel avenues for precise light emission control.
The experimental setup included an Ag nanowire and a WSe2 monolayer sandwiched between two slim hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) layers atop a SiO2/Si substrate. Through detailed photoluminescence spectroscopy and numerical simulations, the research team observed superior coupling efficiency in dark excitons and dark trions over their bright counterparts with in-plane dipoles.
Moreover, they showcased a method to modulate excitonic emissions via diffusion length and valley polarization, enhancing our comprehension of many-body interactions and quantum phenomena in WSe2 and facilitating the manipulation of excitons' full spectral profiles.
This research carries profound implications for photonics and quantum technology fields. The precise control over excitons opens pathways for creating novel optical information processing devices that surpass the speed, efficiency, and capacity of existing solutions. Additionally, the insights into chiral coupling of excitons might catalyze the development of groundbreaking quantum optics applications, including quantum computing and secure communication networks.
Ultimately, this study signifies a pivotal advancement in the endeavor to manipulate various exciton species as required, moving us towards the exploitation of the entire spectrum of TMD excitons for cutting-edge optical and quantum applications, signifying a remarkable progress in material science and photonics research.
Source: TranSpread (Note: Content may be edited for style and length)
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