Two research teams led by Dr. Michael Verkhovsky and Prof. Marten Wikstrom of the Institute of Biotechnology of the University of Helsinki have for the first time succeeded in monitoring electron transfer by Complex I in real time. In the future, this work might, for example, have medical relevance, because most of the maternally inherited so-called mitochondrial diseases are caused by dysfunction of Complex I.
Ian Appelbaum, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Delaware, has received the prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation for his pioneering research in the exciting next evolution of electronics known as spintronics.
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have found that, while metals tend to be stronger at nanoscale volumes, their strengths saturate at around 10-50 nanometers diameter, at which point they also become more sensitive to temperature and strain rate.
Governor Eliot Spitzer today announced the selection of the Rochester Institute of Technology as the host of the Pollution Prevention Institute, a cutting-edge research and development center to design and test 'green' manufacturing methods and provide technical support to businesses for pollution reduction measures that will help make them more competitive.
In an article featured on the cover of the March issue of Nature Nanotechnology, Mauro Ferrari of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston presented a proof-of-concept study on a new multistage delivery system (MDS) for imaging and therapeutic applications. This discovery could go a long way toward making injectable drugs more effective.
Physicists at the Georgia Institute of Technology have made important findings regarding gold on the nanoscale. They found that applying an electrical field on a surface-supported gold nanocluster changes its structure from a three-dimensional one to a planar flat structure. In another paper, they relate their discovery that gold in this size regime can be made magnetic through oxygenation of gold nanowires.
Materials known as photonic crystals could form the building blocks of future optical computers and micro-scale communications devices. Scientists have developed a low-cost and versatile way to make photonic crystals, and combined them in ways that bring optical 'transistors' a step closer.
A University of Pittsburgh-led research team developed a process wherein the ability to conduct electricity can be turned on and off at nanoscale dimensions. This capability holds promise for more powerful and compact information technologies including ultra-high density information storage, reconfigurable logic devices, single-electron devices, and quantum computers.
In November 2007, Which?, the UK consumer advocat group, commissioned a short survey among the general public which highlighted low levels of awareness for nanotechnologies and how they are being used. Following on from this, Which? undertook an additional research project with consumers - the Citizens' Panel on Nanotechnologies - which was published yesterday.
Professors Neal Skipper and Franco Cacialli, of the London Centre for Nanotechnology (LCN) and the Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London (UCL), have been awarded a GBP200,000 laboratory refurbishment grant to help them develop alternative fuel supplies for transport and electricity generation.