Touchscreens and solar cells rely on special oxide layers. However, errors in the layers' atomic structure impair not only their transparency, but also their conductivity. Using atomic models, researchers have found ways of identifying and removing these errors.
A promising capture method for concentrated solar power plants, called volumetric absorption, uses the material both to capture and transport concentrated solar energy. Nanofluids - suspensions of nanoparticles in fluids - have great potential as volumetric solar absorbers.
A team of UCLA researchers has received a $2-million, four-year grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Office of Frontiers in Research and Innovation to explore new approaches to assembling nanoscale materials for use in a variety of manufacturing and research applications.
A new $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's prestigious Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program will enable a professor of physics to study how DNA travels through carbon nanotubes.
Researchers used X-ray scattering during a process called molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) to observe the behavior of atoms as a type of material known as layered oxides were being formed. These observations were then used as data for computational predictions of new materials, leading to insights on how to best combine atoms to form new, stable structures.
Bend them, stretch them, twist them, fold them: modern materials that are light, flexible and highly conductive have extraordinary technological potential, whether as artificial skin or electronic paper. Making such concepts affordable enough for general use remains a challenge but a new way of working with copper nanowires and a PVA 'nano glue' could be a game-changer.
Pauling's Rules describe the principles governing the structure of complex ionic crystals. These rules essentially describe how the arrangement of atoms in a crystal is critically dependent on the size of the atoms, their charge and type of bonding. According to scientists, similar rules can be applied to prepare ionic colloidal crystals consisting of oppositely charged proteins and virus particles.
Researchers have produced nanoparticles surrounded by a group of smaller nanoparticles like a planet orbited by satellites. They equipped larger gold nanoparticles with special star-shaped polymers, which in turn bind to smaller gold nanoparticles.
Researchers have developed what they call a simple, one-step method to grow nanowires of germanium from an aqueous solution. Their process could make it more feasible to use germanium in lithium ion batteries.