An international team of researchers has invented a method to control the formation of defects called 'shear bands' in metals manufacturing processes and discovered microscopic details of how the defects are created.
Researchers have succeeded in linking graphene with another important chemical group, the porphyrins. These new hybrid structures could also be used in the field of molecular electronics, catalysis or even as sensors.
Researchers have developed a novel type of 'buckypaper' - a thin film composed of carbon nanotubes - that has better thermal and electrical properties than most types of buckypaper previously developed.
Winning teams will move forward to the third and final phase of the challenge - the Startup Phase. In this phase, the winning teams will form their startups to advance cancer nanotechnology inventions.