Currently, one of the leading methods for creating qubits in materials involves exploiting the structural atomic defects in diamond. But several researchers believe that if an analogue defect could be engineered into a less expensive material, the cost of manufacturing quantum technologies could be significantly reduced.
Researchers combined three biopolymers, chitosan and agarose (polysaccharides), and a protein gelatine, as the materials to produce tissue engineering scaffolds and demonstrated the enhancement of mechanical strength (doubled pick load), higher water uptake and thermal properties in chitosan-gelatine-agarose hydrogels doped with halloysite.
Rare-earth materials are prime candidates for storing quantum information, because the undesirable interaction with their environment is extremely weak. Consequently however, this lack of interaction implies a very small response to light, making it hard to read and write data. Physicists have now observed a record-high Purcell effect, which enhances the material's interaction with light.
A new device could provide a non-invasive way to monitor the progress of an advanced cancer treatment. It can pick cancer cells out of a blood sample and let them go later, enabling further tests that can show whether the therapy is successfully ridding the patient of the most dangerous cancer cells.
An effective vaccine against the virus that causes genital herpes has evaded researchers for decades. But now, researchers have shown that zinc-oxide nanoparticles shaped like jacks can prevent the virus from entering cells, and help natural immunity to develop.