Researchers have developed a new technique for visualizing light propagation through an optical nanofiber. The result is a non-invasive measurement of the fiber size and shape and a real-time view of how light fields evolve along the nanofiber.
A research team has realized one of the long-standing theoretical predictions in nonlinear optical metamaterials: creation of a nonlinear material that has opposite refractive indices at the fundamental and harmonic frequencies of light. Such a material, which doesn't exist naturally, had been predicted for nearly a decade.
Researchers have created stretchable, transparent conductors that work because of the structures' 'nano-accordion' design. The conductors could be used in a wide variety of applications, such as flexible electronics, stretchable displays or wearable sensors.
Researchers have used a variation of origami, called kirigami, as a design template for batteries that can be stretched to more than 150 percent of their original size and still maintain full functionality.
Researchers are developing a new kind of gripper, motivated by the ability of animals like the gecko to grip and release surfaces, that is perfectly suited for the delicate work involved in semiconductor manufacturing.
Material engineers found that the performance of ion-conducting ceramic membranes that are so important in industry depends largely on their strain and buckling profiles. For the first time, scientists can now selectively manipulate the buckling profile, and thus the physical properties, allowing new technical applications of these membranes.