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Posted: Jan 08, 2016

Biofilter made from peanut shell degrades air pollutants

(Nanowerk News) In order to clean the air of pollutants such as methanol and solvents used in the industry, biotechnology expert Raul Pineda Olmedo, of the National University of Mexico (UNAM), designed a biofilter that uses microorganisms living in the shell of the peanut.
The research from the department of Environmental Technology noted that microorganisms grow naturally on peanut shell, which can be used to clean the air. Furthermore, in Mexico this material is generated in large amounts and is considered a worthless agricultural residue.
Microphotography of a peanut shell
Microphotography of a peanut shell.
The idea is a prototype filter with peanut shells, which cultivates the microorganisms to degrade toxic pollutants into carbon dioxide and water, thereby achieving clean air.
"The peanut shell is special for these applications because it is naturally hollow and has an area of ??contact with air, which favors the development of microorganisms," said Pineda Olmedo.
He also said it has been observed that this organic material can be applied to biotechnology as biological filters similar to those used by cars, but instead of stopping dust it can degrade the contaminants.
Olmedo Pineda development focuses on solving the problem of air pollution in companies dedicated to handling inks or solvents, which have a contaminated workplace.
The experiment was developed in collaboration with doctors Frédéric Thalasso Sire and Fermin Perez Guevara from the Research Center of Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV) in Mexico.
The prototype is similar to a bell or kitchen extractor, but it not only absorbs and stores polluting vapors, it degrades and purifies the air.
The design consists of a filter made with peanut shells containing microorganisms, which purify the air. For optimum development it should be in a temperature controlled environment.
Olmedo Pineda explained that the filter takes on average 28 days to synthesize microorganisms such as Fusarium and Brevibacterium. Bacteria and fungi take the carbon from pollution to reproduce and breath.
In Mexico this technology has not been exploited extensively. The researcher currently seeks to commercialize the innovation, which is a solution applicable to everyday life. They will create a demonstration prototype for schools, making it accessible to students, who can apply and replicate it.
Source: Investigación y Desarrollo
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