As researchers across the globe peel away layer after layer of potential application, Milan Begliarbekov, a doctoral candidate at Stevens Institute of Technology, has found some unique applications for graphene.
Im Verbundprojekt TIGeR untersuchen Spezialisten des INM - Leibniz-Institut fuer Neue Materialien, der Uni des Saarlandes, des Fraunhofer-Instituts fuer Werkstoffmechanik sowie des Karlsruher Instituts fuer Technologie, wie einatomige Schichten aus Kohlenstoff das Reibverhalten von Materialien vermindern oder beeinflussen und so kuenftig noch genauere Bewegungen im Nanometer-Bereich ermoeglichen.
Scientists in Germany have developed a way of smuggling an anti-cancer drug past the protective blood-brain barrier and into brain tumours and metastases using a nanocarrier - a tiny capsule specially designed to pass through cell membranes and deliver its anti-cancer drug to the cancer cell.
Tecnalia, through its Construction Unit, aims to increase the efficiency, reduce execution times and cut operational costs associated with remedial solutions for contaminated sites and for building development itself.
Using nanocrystals of cellulose, the main component of pulp and paper, chemistry researchers at the University of British Columbia have created glass films that have applications for energy conservation in building design because of their ability to reflect specific wavelengths of light, such as ultra violet, visible or infrared.
The research on materials' surface layers with spectroscopic methods, extremely important for nanotechnology, material engineering, microelectronics and many other areas, requires knowledge of certain physical parameters that are available in the databases distributed by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Used by the researchers worldwide, several of these databases are being developed by Prof. Aleksander Jablonski from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
Imec, together with its partners within the European FP6 Program NeuroProbes, has created a new neural probe enabling electrical and chemical recording and stimulation of single neurons in the brain. Applications of the new technology are vast, ranging from tools for fundamental research on the functioning of the brain, to instruments for more precise diagnosis of brain seizures before brain-surgery.
The nanoelectronics research centre imec and Peira, a Belgium-based manufacturer of pharmaceutical and chemical research instruments, jointly developed an innovative slice-tilting instrument for in-vitro research on brain tissue. The new tool enables long-term studying of brain cultures through electronic stimulation and read-out, essential in getting insight into the functioning of the brain.
Seven companies reported using six nanomaterials in response to a voluntary information call in 2008 by Australia's National Industrial Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS), in contrast to 22 companies reporting on 21 types of nanomaterial two years earlier.