Researchers in Japan have succeeded in the vapor-phase synthesis of a stack of nanometer-scale thin films of diamond using carbon isotopes 12C and 13C, which differ in mass. Electrons and holes were confined to a single material for the first time using the diamond stack.
Thin Film Technology is the field of work of Professor Wilhelm Schabel, holder of a shared professorship at the KIT: This shared professorship is the first, in which three enterprises are involved as industry partners: Bayer, BASF, and Roche.
A production line for uniform lipid-coated microspheres has been created by Japanese scientists. Using a microfluidic device, the team can continuously generate fluid-filled vesicles that are all the same size and all have a single lipid bilayer surrounding them, and could one day be used in drug delivery or artificial cells.
Eric Cochran, an associate scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, has received a National Science Foundation CAREER award, the organization's most prestigious award for junior researchers.
According to researchers at MIT, a minuscule encoding error creates a defective collagen molecule that, at the site of the amino acid substitution, repels rather than attracts the collagen molecule alongside it. This creates a tiny rift in the tissue, which when repeated in many molecules, leads to brittle tissue, broken bones, deformity and, in the most severe form of the disease, death.
University of Kentucky electrical and computer engineering researcher J. Todd Hastings has won a two-year, $300,000 Young Faculty Award from the national Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Um Siliziumbloecke in hauchduenne Wafer zu zersaegen, braucht man das richtige Werkzeug: einen Kilometer langen Draht, benetzt mit einer Art Schleifpaste. Doch muessen alle Parameter optimal angepasst sein - nur so vermeidet man beim Schneiden grosse Materialverluste.