On 27th January 2010 the 25th series of experiments studying complex plasmas will start on board the international space station ISS. Physicists from the Max-Planck-Institute for extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany, will use them to study fundamental structure forming processes to better understand what happens in liquids and solids.
The Department of Energy announced today that 24 million hours of supercomputing time out of a total of 1.6 billion available hours at Argonne and Oak Ridge National Laboratories have been awarded to investigate materials for developing lithium air batteries, capable of powering a car for 500 miles on a single charge.
Researchers at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland at College Park, can speed up photons (particles of light) to seemingly faster-than-light speeds through a stack of materials by adding a single, strategically placed layer.
In an advance that might interest Q-Branch, the gadget makers for James Bond, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and partners from industry and academia have designed and tested experimental antennas that are highly efficient and yet a fraction of the size of standard antenna systems with comparable properties.
The aim of DIAMOND is improving the productivity and reliability of semiconductor and electronic systems design in Europe by providing a systematic methodology and an integrated environment for the diagnosis and correction of errors.
Auf Initiative der Halberstaedter Panadur GmbH, die eine besonders kostenguenstige und umweltfreundliche Nano-Beschichtungstechnologie auf Basis spezieller Polymere entwickelt hat, soll ein laenderuebergreifendes Nano-Kompetenznetzwerk entstehen.
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces have described mathematically why some vesicles constrict to form a figure-eight shape. As part of this process, they have established that this constriction differs in its details to what was previously thought, and that its shape is dependent on the material characteristics of the components involved.
How can one increase the maximum current which can flow in a superconductor without any resistance? Counter-intuitively the answer in some circumstances is to increase the dissipation (i.e. the energy losses) in the superconductor.