New study validates hypothesis that atomic defects are essential to catalytic reactivity; could help make chemical processes greener by decreasing energy use and preventing formation of hazardous products.
In the future, it will be possible to carry out tests of new drugs on bacteria much more efficiently using microfluidic devices, since each of the hundreds and thousands of droplets moving through the microchannels can act as separate incubators.
Researchers have proposed and experimentally realized a method for characterizing a quantum state by directly measuring its complex probability amplitudes in a particular basis using so-called weak values.
Bioengineers are trialling how to use shrimp shells to make biopolymer nanocomposite materials for biodegradable shopping bags, as a 'green' alternative to oil-based plastic, and as a new food packaging material to extend product shelf life.
Researchers have demonstrated the high-performance potential of an experimental transistor made of a semiconductor called beta gallium oxide, which could bring new ultra-efficient switches for applications such as the power grid, military ships and aircraft.
When carbon nanotubes and 3D printing combine with the right polymer, in this case a thermoplastic, something special occurs: electrical conductivity increases and makes it possible to monitor liquids in real time.