In two papers, published this week, scientists determined a more precise version of a basic law of physics - which says that disorder tends to increase with time unless acted on by an outside force - and applied it to the smallest quantum systems.
Engineers have manufactured tiny, star-shaped structures out of interconnected beams, or trusses. The structures, each about the size of a sugar cube, quickly shrink when heated to about 282 degrees C.
In a proof-of-concept study with mice, scientists show that a novel coating they made with antibiotic-releasing nanofibers has the potential to better prevent at least some serious bacterial infections related to total joint replacement surgery.
In a project, researchers are exploring if there is a way to fine-tune germanium's physical properties, and thus improve its optoelectronic characteristics (how well it interfaces between electronics and light).
The AFRL Materials and Manufacturing Directorate's Autonomous Research System, or ARES, can design, conduct and evaluate experimental data without human intervention, revolutionizing the materials research process as it is today.
Biology, at the nitty-gritty level of motor proteins, DNA, and microtubules, takes its cue from physics. While much is known about the biological components that form the mitotic spindle, researchers are only beginning to explore the physical forces between those components.
To infect its victims, influenza A heads for the lungs, where it latches onto sialic acid on the surface of cells. So researchers created the perfect decoy: A carefully constructed spherical nanoparticle coated in sialic acid lures the influenza A virus to its doom. When misted into the lungs, the nanoparticle traps influenza A, holding it until the virus self-destructs.