Researchers report the manufacture of a highly porous antireflection coatings with high TiO2-nanoparticle loading that combines excellent optical antireflectivity with efficient photocatalytic activity.
Graphene FET Flagship is an ambitious European project to move graphene out of academic labs and into society, where its applications are expected to have a strong technological and economic impact. Jani Kivioja, a Finnish scientist, is leading the industrial activities within the project. His group looks to solve scientific challenges in order to transform the converging Internet and communications industry.
A surprising enhancement was observed in this size regime when two different materials (silver and gold) were interfaced. Through theoretical modeling and quantum-mechanical calculations, quantum effects were determined to be responsible for this enhancement by creating a stronger condition for a "charge-transfer plasmon" resonance. The insight gained about this new mechanism may suggest general strategies for overcoming losses in plasmonic performance in the quantum size regime.
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a way to effectively deliver staurosporine, a powerful anti-cancer compound that has vexed researchers for more than 30 years due to its instability in the blood and toxic nature in both healthy and cancerous cells.
Faster, smaller and more energy-efficient - that is what computers of the future should be like. A new phenomenon stands to make a major contribution in this direction: It needs 100,000 times less current than existing technologies, and the number of atoms needed for a data bit could diminish significantly.
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature.
Johns Hopkins researchers used suction to learn that individual "molecular muscles" within cells respond to different types of force, a finding that may explain how cells "feel" the environment and appropriately adapt their shapes and activities. A computer model the researchers developed also lets them predict what a cell will do in response to altered levels of those "muscles," a common occurrence in a variety of cancers.
Flexible displays, cost-efficient solar cells for a new era of energy production, futuristic lighting at home - all require thin layers with specific properties. Scientists at the Leibniz Institute for New Materials are exploring new routes to such coatings in NanoSPEKT, a project funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).