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Density Functional Theory (DFT) for open-shell molecules: Spin calculations

The review paper on the consideration of spin in density functional theory (DFT), published by the scientists Dr. Christoph Jacob from the Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN) of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Professor Markus Reiher from ETH Zurich, functions to close a major knowledge gap in theoretical chemistry.

Nov 29th, 2012

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Guided self-assembly of gold thin films

Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley scientists have successfully directed the self­-assembly of nanoparticles into device-ready thin films, which have potential applications in fields ranging from computer memory storage to energy harvesting and storage, from catalysis to light management, and into the emerging new field of plasmonics.

Nov 28th, 2012

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Scientists image the molecular structure of polymer blends

Using an enhanced form of 'chemical microscopy' developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), researchers there have shown that they can peer into the structure of blended polymers, resolving details of the molecular arrangement at sub-micrometer levels.

Nov 28th, 2012

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The first controllable atom SQUID

Scientists have created the first controllable atomic circuit that functions analogously to a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and allows operators to select a particular quantum state of the system at will.

Nov 28th, 2012

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Experiments challenge fundamental understanding of electromagnetism

A cornerstone of physics may require a rethink if findings at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are confirmed. Recent experiments suggest that the most rigorous predictions based on the fundamental theory of electromagnetism - one of the four fundamental forces in the universe, and harnessed in all electronic devices - may not accurately account for the behavior of atoms in exotic, highly charged states.

Nov 28th, 2012

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