|Posted: Aug 13, 2017|
Fabricating hexagonal boron nitride foam for CO2 absorption(Nanowerk News) In ACS Nano ("Lightweight Hexagonal Boron Nitride Foam for CO2 Absorption"), scientists report a technique to fabricate lightweight 3D macroscopic porous structures formed from hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanosheets.
|With its naturally occurring layered structure, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) has emerged as an important 2D material, possessing excellent properties such as high temperature stability, high thermal conductivity, as well as mechanical strength.|
|The fabrication of three-dimensional porous nanostructures from interconnected two-dimensional (2D) materials such as graphene, clays, metal dichalcogenides, etc. has proven to be a promising technique to exploit their properties for several applications including catalysis, energy storage, biological and environmental applications, mechanical damping, and gas sequestration.|
|Characterization and morphology of h-BN/PVA foams. (a) Schematic representation depicting the h-BN nanosheets connected by poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) molecules. Typical chains contain 30 monomers (∼6.2 nm chain length). The PVA molecules act like a glue to link the nanosheets through van der Waals interactions between the hydroxyl groups in the PVA and boron/nitrogen atoms in the nanosheets. (b) Structural stability of the h-BN/PVA foam. (c) Mechanical stability of the lightweight foam carrying a vial without any visible degradation. (d) Stable structure of the foam when subjected to liquids. (e) Pristine foam disintegrates in the presence of water, whereas h-BN/PVA maintains its stable interconnected morphology (Rice University owns the copyright for the logo displayed and is used with permission). (f,g) Lowmagnification and high-magnification image of the foam. (© ACS) (click on image to enlarge)|
|In this new work, the researchers first liquid-phase-exfoliated h-BN in water to separate the layers, and then poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was added (1-1.5 wt %), followed by in situ freeze-drying.|
|The hybrid structure exhibits enhanced mechanical properties, large surface area, and increased porosity.|
|According to the team, their fabrication method allows for the creation of intermolecular bonding between h-BN layers, where PVA acts like a bridge to link the individual layers, thus forming a network structure at the nanoscale.|
|Unlike pristine h-BN foams, which normally disintegrate immediately once removed from a freeze-drier, h-BN/PVA foams show a robust freestanding structure with favorable mechanical stability.|
|A detailed molecular dynamics study further verified and provided insights on the origins of such interconnections in improving the mechanical integrity.|
|The foam also exhibits excellent CO2 absorption of 340% and storage under varying pressure values, mainly due to nitrogen functional groups and an increased surface area.|
|Furthermore, when coated with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), the foam shows superior laser shielding properties by withstanding a varied amount of laser energy with minimal structural degradation.|
|By Michael Berger – Michael is author of three books by the Royal Society of Chemistry: Nano-Society: Pushing the Boundaries of Technology, Nanotechnology: The Future is Tiny, and Nanoengineering: The Skills and Tools Making Technology Invisible Copyright © Nanowerk LLC|
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