A new study created a life-cycle assessment (LCA) model to provide some estimates that might help guide research directions to faster marketplace success. The scientists constructed a model simulation of a large-scale PEC-based hydrogen production facility, using what is known currently about the technology as well as projections of future performance.
A new study has found that the dispersant compound DOSS, which decreases the size of oil droplets and hampers the formation of large oil slicks, remains associated with oil and can persist in the environment for up to four years.
Using the world's most powerful x-ray laser, an international collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers took femtosecond 'snapshots' of water oxidation in photosystem II, the only known biological system able to harness sunlight for splitting the water molecule. The results should help advance the development of artificial photosynthesis for clean, green and renewable energy.
Engineers who will help lead renewable energy development in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates, are getting the specialized training they?ll need through a new solar energy education program at Arizona State University.
As urban growth increases stress on global systems, researchers are working to develop solutions that contribute to the livability of future cities. When it comes to urban energy - and its ever-increasing consumption - they believe resiliency, reliability and accessibility will be critical factors in ensuring a sustainable supply.
In the future more and more cars will fill up with electricity instead of petrol - ideally, electricity from wind, water or solar energy. A prerequisite for the energy turnaround is the availability of efficient storage media. Scientists at the Technische Universität München are working on the optimal battery cell.
The work will focus on developing 'sustainable catalysis', finding ways to increase the energy efficiency of the manufacture of important chemicals used in huge quantities to produce products that are part of our everyday life, and use renewable materials to make those chemicals, ideally having them begin their lives as biomass, rather than as petrochemicals.
Addressing climate change will require substantial new investment in low-carbon energy and energy efficiency - but no more than what is currently spent on today's fossil-dominated energy system, according to new research.