Research into using metamaterials in optics has already produced the possibility of an invisibility cloak. To take these ideas further into allied areas of advanced materials GBP 2.5 million is being invested by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.
New journal covers a wide range of responsible innovation topics such as the broader and more subtle issues of the moral, cultural, political, religious, democratic and sustainability implications of innovation and research.
Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in visualizing the movement within plants of a key hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. The achievement will allow researchers to conduct further studies to determine how the hormone helps plants respond to drought and other environmental stresses driven by the continuing increase in the atmosphere?s carbon dioxide, or CO2, concentration.
A technique using anesthesia-containing nanoparticles - drawn to the targeted area of the body by magnets - could one day provide a useful alternative to nerve block for local anesthesia in patients, suggests an experimental study.
Researchers have succeeded in creating a surface on nano-sized cellulose crystals that imitates a biological structure. The surface adsorbs viruses and disables them. The results can prove useful in the development of antiviral ointments and surfaces, for instance.
A common assumption is that once a nanocarrier is created, it maintains its size and shape on the shelf as well as in the body. However, recent work has shown that routine procedures in handling and processing nanocarrier solutions can have a significant influence on the size and shape of these miniscule structures.
Strain-induced polarization charges in piezoelectric semiconductors can effectively modulate the electronic and optoelectronic processes of charge carriers at the metal-semiconductor interface and p-n junction, which has resulted in both novel fundamental phenomenon and unprecedented device applications. The increasing research interests in the emerging field of piezotronics and piezo-phototronics has opened up opportunities for implementing novel applications such as adaptive human-electronics interfacing, active flexible/stretchable electronics, sensing, energy harvesting, biomedical treatments and optical MEMS.
A house window that doubles as a solar panel could be on the horizon, thanks to recent quantum-dot work. The project demonstrates that superior light-emitting properties of quantum dots can be applied in solar energy by helping more efficiently harvest sunlight.
By depositing an array of tiny, metallic, U-shaped structures onto a dielectric material, a team of researchers has created a new artificial surface that can bend and focus electromagnetic waves the same way an antenna does.