Flawed but colorful diamonds are among the most sensitive detectors of magnetic fields known today, allowing physicists to explore the minuscule magnetic fields in metals, exotic materials and even human tissue.
The multi-university project is aimed at designing more durable and cost-effective alloys for tomorrow's military vehicles; the award also will fund the development of new magnesium alloys that do not require expensive and scarce rare earth elements.
Researchers have made major improvements in computer processing using an emerging class of magnetic materials called 'multiferroics,' and these advances could make future devices far more energy-efficient than current technologies.
The structure of two-dimensional boron crystals is relevant to electronic applications and to understanding boron nanostructures. New findings overturn the assumptions and predictions of numerous previous studies.
A team of researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan has identified unexpected dynamic properties of a type of light waves called evanescent waves. These surprising findings contrast sharply with previous knowledge about light and photons.
Drugs used to treat blindness-causing disorders could be successfully administered by eye drops rather than unpleasant and expensive eye injections, according to new research led by UCL scientists that could be a breakthrough for the millions worldwide suffering from age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and other eye disorders.
Radio waves are used for many measurements and applications, for example, in communication with mobile phones, MRI scans, scientific experiments and cosmic observations. But 'noise' in the detector of the measuring instrument limits how sensitive and precise the measurements can be. Now researchers have developed a new method where they can avoid noise by means of laser light and can therefore achieve extreme precision of measurements.
Terawatts of power in laser pulses, low cost graphene coatings. Luminescent nanotubes and air-breathing biofuel cells. Proteins confronting nanoviscosity inside living cells, flows improving medical diagnostics and drug testing in bacterial colonies clustering in controlled microdroplets. These and dozens other topics are presented in an electronic book prepared by the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich have succeeded in producing a prototype of a vibration-damping material that could change the world of mechanics forever. The material of the future is not only able to damp vibrations completely; it can also specifically conduct certain frequencies further.