While the powerful solvents known as ionic liquids show great promise for liberating fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and improving the economics of advanced biofuels, an even more promising candidate is on the horizon - bionic liquids.
Microalgae need only sunlight and water for the production of hydrogen. However, in order to make hydrogen production by microalgae economically feasible their efficiency has to be increased by 1-2 orders of magnitude. Researchers now present how an improvement in efficiency can be achieved.
Global installations of tidal stream and wave power are set to grow to 148MW and 21MW respectively by the end of this decade, from almost nothing today, but these are still trifling amounts in the context of the world?s power system.
Scientists are looking at formulating sustainable fertilisers from renewable energy waste. This new area of research aims to produce a sustainable, environmentally-friendlier source of soil conditioner and crop fertiliser that could also reduce costs to farmers and potentially, with wide-spread take-up, help to slow down rising food prices.
A new technique transforming stinky, air-polluting landfill gas could produce the sweet smell of success as it leads to development of a fuel cell generating clean electricity for homes, offices and hospitals, researchers say. The advance would convert methane gas into hydrogen, an efficient, clean form of energy.
CASSANDRA platform is available to the public in order to enable stakeholders to maximize their benefits in the energy markets by testing and benchmarking real life scenarios and to enable consumers through DR programmes to decrease their energy consumption and electricity bills.
The fate of oil during the first day after an accidental oil spill is still poorly understood, with researchers often arriving on the scene only after several days. New findings from a field experiment carried out in the North Sea provide valuable insight that could help shape the emergency response in the immediate wake of disasters.
Development of these new energy storage devices will help enable NASA's future robotic and human-exploration missions and aligns with conclusions presented in the National Research Council's 'NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities', which calls for improved energy generation and storage with reliable power systems that can survive the wide range of environments unique to NASA missions.
Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the Illinois Institute of Technology were awarded $2 million over the course of two years to fund studies on hybrid fuel cells from the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E).
Researchers report a novel concept to work with efficient and possibly cheaper catalysts. A kind of buffer protects the catalysts against the hostile conditions encountered in fuel cells, which have been to date dismissed utilization.