In 2009, a borehole drilled at Krafla, northeast Iceland, as part of the Icelandic Deep Drilling Project, unexpectedly penetrated into magma (molten rock) at only 2,100 meters depth, with a temperature of 900-1,000 C. The January 2014 issue of Geothermics is dedicated to scientific and engineering results arising from that unusual occurrence.
The CoLaBats iniciative works in provide new industrial processes for the recycling of the critical metals Cobalt and Lanthanides and key economic metals Nickel and Lithium, from waste batteries, significantly improving recycling efficiencies and metal purity from existing recovery routes.
The National Physical Laboratory in the UK will lead seven new European collaborative projects, following the final round of project calls from the European Metrology Research Programme (EMRP) before the proposed introduction of its successor, the European Metrology Programme for Innovation and Research (EMPIR) in 2014.
The supply of climate change knowledge is biased towards richer countries - those that pollute the most and are least vulnerable to climate change - and skewed away from the poorer, fragile and more vulnerable regions of the world. That creates a global imbalance between the countries in need of knowledge and those that build it.
Frede Blaabjerg, Professor in Energy at Aalborg University, is the recipient of the largest individual Danish research award, the Villum Kann Rasmussen Annual Award for Technical and Scientific Research of DKK 5 million (EUR 0.67 million).
The European ECOPROT project aims to industrialise an innovative procedure for producing corrosion-protecting environmentally friendly coatings for aluminium and magnesium alloys, to be used in the aeronautics market.
A new study indicates that even a sharp increase in the use of electric drive passenger vehicles by 2050 would not significantly reduce emissions of high-profile air pollutants carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides.
How can companies break into the electromobility market faster and more effectively? In what way can innovative services help to focus electromobility solutions on users' needs? What shape should IT support take? And what will the mobility markets of the future look like? DELFIN project develops innovative services and methods.
The costs of achieving a more ambitious EU climate target are estimated to be moderate. Upscaling greenhouse-gas emissions reduction from the current 20 percent by 2020 to 40 percent by 2030 would be likely to cost less than an additional 0.7 percent of economic activity.
Ambitious greenhouse-gas mitigation consistent with the 2 degrees target is likely to require substantial amounts of bioenergy as part of the future energy mix. Though this does not come without risks, global food markets would be affected much more by unmitigated climate change than by an increased bioenergy demand, a study led by scientists from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) now finds.