Researchers at the University of Delaware, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Ohio State University, the University of Notre Dame, the University of Minnesota and the University of South Carolina are studying how the properties of mineral nanoparticles change as a function of their size.
The funding, notably larger than the usual sponsorship for an individual researcher, comes from Saudi Arabia's nascent research university, the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, known as KAUST. The grant will be spread over a period of five years.
Research suggests that coating dental implants with a synthetic bone material prior to implantation allows such implant to become incorporated much more successfully into the jaw, leading to smiles all round.
Metallic nanoshells - super tiny spheres composed of layers of differing materials - allow light to safely penetrate deep within tissues to help diagnose or treat disease, says bioengineer Jennifer West.
Paras Prasad, director of the Institute for Lasers, Photonics, and Biophotonics (ILPB) at the University at Buffalo, says there is much more to learn about the interaction of light with materials and its role in biomedical research.
Extremely small scale materials behave differently than one might expect when they come into close proximity to one another. The principles of basic physical chemistry are not quite as clear cut as one might imagine. And it is these properties that inspire the research of Kit Bowen Jr., the E. Emmett Reid Professor of Chemistry at Johns Hopkins.