Enabling fast and effective design of new transistors for high performance electronics with greatly reduced power consumption. This is the ambitious objective that a unique multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers from five European countries will pursue in the next three years in the framework of the EC funded project III-V-MOS 'Technology CAD for III-V Semiconductor-based MOSFETs'.
The method depends on a collective distribution of funding by the scientific community, requires only a fraction of the costs associated with the traditional peer review of grant proposals and, according to the authors, may yield comparable or even better results.
University of Washington engineers hope a new type of vaccine they have shown to work in mice will one day make it cheaper and easy to manufacture on-demand vaccines for humans. Immunizations could be administered within minutes where and when a disease is breaking out.
Invisibility has become a scientific possibility with the emergence of metamaterials and transformation optics in the past few years. A recent paper reviewed design methodologies and experimental developments of the invisibility cloak from a practical perspective. The recent transition from a forward cloaking design to inverse cloaking design was also addressed.
Recently, the emergence of a design strategy called transformation optics has provided a completely new way to control light on all length scales, opening new doors to many unprecedented optical functions. A new paper has reviewed the recent progress made using this revolutionary technology in the design of efficient plasmonic light-harvesting devices.
Newly emerging flu viruses could soon be countered by a treatment that Draper Laboratory is developing that 'traps' viruses before they can infect host cells. Further into the future, patients suffering from any type of virus could be cured with DRACO, a drug also under development at Draper that is designed to rapidly recognize and eliminate cells infected by virtually any virus.
The sensors team at DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory is working on sensor technologies to enable embedded gas sensing at high temperature. The team's goal is to develop novel materials with large optical responses and high-temperature stability for integration with optical sensor platforms.
A research group of the NIMS International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA) succeeded in in-situ band-gap tuning which will be a key toward developing high-performance nanoscale devices using ultimately thin graphene oxide membranes.
Nanotechnology researchers have developed a technique for creating nanoparticles that carry two different cancer-killing drugs into the body and deliver those drugs to separate parts of the cancer cell where they will be most effective.