Organic materials are comparatively poor conductors of electricity. Under certain conditions, however, this can change significantly. Physicists have now experimentally determined how exactly such a change in conductivity works in a two-dimensional layer.
Blood, paint or ketchup are complex liquids composed of several different components. For the construction of pumps, or the improvement of technical processes scientists and engineers need description models. They make the special properties of such liquids predictable.
How the semiconductor industry can create the next generations of nanoscale computing technology will be one of the themes of the 2013 International Conference on Frontiers of Characterization and Metrology for Nanoelectronics, to be held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), March 25-28, 2013.
The IUCLID User Manual "Nanomaterials in IUCLID 5" includes instructions on how registrants can explicitly report when a nanoform has been used in (experimental) studies. It will help registrants to prepare or update registration dossiers for substances that are nanomaterials or include nanoforms.
In this study, scientists used various analysis tools, including EMSL's atom probe tomography (APT), focused ion beam, and accelerator capabilities, to examine complex oxide nanoclusters within oxide dispersion strengthened, or ODS, steels to determine their potential resistance and stability under a range of irradiation conditions.
Scientists developed a method of detecting ionic mercury from water selectively and with high sensitivity by fabricating a gold nanogap structure coated with molecules which shows strong specific adsorption of ionic mercury.
Inspired by patents from the 1960's audio cassette recording industry, UvA chemists now developed a new Fischer-Tropsch catalyst. It can be used for the making of synthetic fuels from natural gas and biomass.
Small particles loaded with medicine could be a future weapon for cancer treatment. A recently-published study shows how nanoparticles can be formed to efficiently carry cancer drugs to tumor cells. And because the particles can be seen in MRI images, they are traceable.
NanoPhoSolar aims to develop nanophosphor down converting material which will be incorporated into coatings and polymer films for integration into new solar modules and retrofit of existing solar modules.
Physicists at UC Santa Barbara are manipulating light on superconducting chips, and forging new pathways to building the quantum devices of the future - including super-fast and powerful quantum computers.