The Institut for Nonmetallic Inorganic Materials develops ceramic foams intended for use as energy-efficient thermal insulations in blast furnaces, as bone substitutes and for the controlled release of active ingredients in medicine.
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have devised a new technique - using a sheet of carbon just one atom thick - to visualize the structure of molecules. The technique, which was used to obtain the first direct images of how water coats surfaces at room temperature, can also be used to image a potentially unlimited number of other molecules, including antibodies and other biomolecules.
A new smartphone chip prototype under development at the University of California, San Diego will improve smartphone efficiency by making use of 'dark silicon' - the underused transistors in modern microprocessors.
A visionary team of computer scientists and electrical engineers from six universities is proposing to deal with the downside of nanoscale computer components by re-thinking and enhancing the role that software can play in a new class of computing machines that are adaptive and highly energy efficient.
Biophysicists in Bochum have discovered a diode for protons: just like the electronic component determines the direction of flow of electric current, the 'proton diode' ensures that protons can only pass through a cell membrane in one direction. Water molecules play an important role here as active components of the diode.
QB3 biophysicists have traced with unprecedented resolution the paths of cargos moving through the nuclear pore complex (NPC), a selective nanoscale aperture that controls access to the cell's nucleus, and answered several key questions about its function.
The Technology Strategy Board and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council in the UK have jointly allocated up to GBP7m to invest in highly innovative, collaborative research projects looking at the use of novel nanoscale technologies to enable the next generation of solar energy harvesting.
To watch a magician transform a vase of flowers into a rabbit, it's best to have a front-row seat. Likewise, for chemical transformations in solution, the best view belongs to the molecular spectators closest to the action.
The 30th International Sunbelt Social Network Conference (Sunbelt XXX) was held June 29 to July 4, 2010 in Trento, Italy. This is the official conference for the International Network for Social Network Analysis (INSNA).
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new class of electronic logic device in which current is switched by an electric field generated by the application of mechanical strain to zinc oxide nanowires.
A new 'smart materials' process - Multiple Memory Material Technology - developed by University of Waterloo engineering researchers promises to revolutionize the manufacture of diverse products such as medical devices, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), printers, hard drives, automotive components, valves and actuators.
Purdue University researchers have developed a new type of pump for drug-delivery patches that might use arrays of microneedles to deliver a wider range of medications than now possible with conventional patches.
Measurements of slight forces - one yoctonewton is equivalent to the weight of a single copper atom on Earth - can be useful in force microscopy, nanoscale science, and tests of fundamental physics theories.