Measuring the attractive forces between atoms and surfaces with unprecedented precision, University of Arizona physicists have produced data that could refine our understanding of the structure of atoms and improve nanotechnology.
Researchers have invented a technique that uses inexpensive paper to make microfluidic devices for rapid medical diagnostics and chemical analysis. The innovation represents a way to enhance commercially available diagnostic devices that use paper-strip assays like those that test for diabetes and pregnancy.
Researchers from Boston College, MIT, Clemson University and the University of Virginia have used nanotechnology to achieve a 60-90 percent increase in the thermoelectric figure of merit of p-type half-Heusler, a common bulk semiconductor compound.
The theme for the event is Innovative Technologies for an Energized Future. The commercialization of technologies and processes used to produce bioenergy from a variety of biomass resources highlights this half-day program. The BioEnergy Summit will also explore innovative nanotechnologies for bioenergy production and technologies for producing energy from wastewater.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today launched a new competition for grants to support the construction of new or expanded scientific research facilities at institutions of higher education and nonprofit scientific research organizations.
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are an increasingly popular technology for use in energy-efficient lighting. Researchers from North Carolina State University have now developed a new technique that reduces defects in the gallium nitride (GaN) films used to create LEDs, making them more efficient.
Certain types of pollution monitoring may soon become considerably easier. A group of researchers centered at Kyoto University has shown that a newly-formulated entangled framework of porous crystals (porous coordination polymers, or PCPs) can not only capture a variety of common air pollutants, but that the mixtures then glow in specific, easily-detected colors.
Researchers are developing a new class of 'plasmonic metamaterials' as potential building blocks for advanced optical technologies, including ultrapowerful microscopes and computers, improved solar cells, and a possible invisibility cloak.
Imec announces the launch of a new industrial affiliation program on high-bandwidth optical input/output (I/O). The primary objective of the new program, which is part of imec's research platform on deep-submicron CMOS scaling, is to explore the use of optical solutions for realizing high-bandwidth I/O between CMOS chips.
Die Bundesanstalt fuer Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA) fuehrte am 17.01.2011 die Veranstaltung 'Dialog-Forum Nanomaterialien am Arbeitsplatz' mit ueber 200 Interessierten aus Betrieben und Behoerden durch.
The ERC-'Advanced Grant' for established research leaders is one of the most prestigious research awards worldwide. Two physicists at the University of Stuttgart received independently of each other this grant in the amount of 2.4 Million Euro each to promote their pioneering research.
Although full-spectrum solar cells have been made, none yet have been suitable for manufacture at a consumer-friendly price. Now Wladek Walukiewicz, who leads the Solar Energy Materials Research Group in the Materials Sciences Division (MSD) at Berkeley Lab, and his colleagues have demonstrated a solar cell that not only responds to virtually the entire solar spectrum, it can also readily be made using one of the semiconductor industry's most common manufacturing techniques.