One of the four International Balzan Prizes 2007, which have a prize fund of CHF 1 million ($1.2 million), is to be awarded for research in the area of nanoscience to Sumio Iijima, Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan.
International team of scientists proposes new ultramicroscope for nanostructures, allowing for the direct and non-invasive measurement of ultrafast processes on attosecond timescales with high spatial and temporal resolution.
The Born-Oppenheimer Approximation is ubiquitous in molecular physics, quantum chemistry and quantum chemistry. However, Chinese Academy of Sciences researchers recently observed a breakdown of the Approximation in the reaction of fluorine with deuterium atoms.
Every irregularity no matter how small must disappear: Polishing silicon wafers for solar cells and computer chips demands the greatest precision. Until now, wafers could only be inspected after polishing. A new polishing tool continuously monitors the process.