Researchers from the University of Houston have found a catalyst that can quickly generate hydrogen from water using sunlight, potentially creating a clean and renewable source of energy. Their research involved the use of cobalt oxide nanoparticles to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.
An international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves. This may have practical significance in the control of nanoscale friction.
Physicists have developed a 'planet-satellite model' to precisely connect and arrange nanoparticles in three-dimensional structures. Like photosystems of plants and algae, the model might in future serve to collect and convert energy.
Electric and hybrid vehicles may soon travel further without recharging their supercapacitor (SC) cell packs. Scientists investigated materials to increase the energy density of SCs, the main obstacle to their widespread use.
Molecular biologists working as part of an EU-funded project have successfully developed a nano-scale bioreactor that can be controlled by adjusting the external temperature. Thanks to their small size and large surface area, the device can act as a versatile tool for tackling key medical, chemical, biological and environmental challenges.
Researchers have been inspired by nature to develop an alternative catalyst. It consists of organic molecules as well as iron or manganese on a metallic substrate. These materials are less costly and more easily available than platinum.
A unique X-ray machine - the world's first high performance tool dedicated to the study of liquid surfaces - will take pride of place at the opening of a new research facility at The University of Nottingham's Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Centre next week.
The polymer nanoparticles synthesized in the Biomaterials Unit will carry antimicrobial agents to the target site via inhalation. Their small size and specific physical characteristics makes them the perfect vehicle for this type of application.
Clemens Heitzinger, assistant professor of applied mathematics in the School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, has recently been awarded the prestigious START Prize by the Austrian Science Fund FWF.
The Center for Nano-Optics, a research center whose focus on the science of developing tools and instruments as small as 1,000 times thinner than a human hair could lead to major breakthroughs in technology and biomedicine, has been created at Georgia State University.