The National Physical Laboratory has collaborated with Chalmers University of Technology and Linkoping University in Sweden to help develop a fast and inexpensive tool for quality control of graphene grown on silicon carbide.
The objectives of the research are to investigate the dynamics of phase transitions, including the formation of liquid crystals, as well as the equilibrium gel or empty liquid state, of highly anisotropic colloidal disks.
Smart nanostructures can increase the yield of solar cells. An international team of researchers including physicists from the FOM Foundation, Delft University of Technology and Toyota, have now optimised the nanostructures so that the solar cell provides more electricity and loses less energy in the form of heat.
By monitoring and controlling spin fluctuations, the method may provide a route for enhancing the resolution of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the nanometer-scale, allowing researchers to make 3D images of smaller objects than ever before.