Engineers from the University of Zaragoza have developed an algorithm that can optimise hybrid electricity generation systems through combined use of renewable energies, such as photovoltaic and wind power, and non-renewables, such as diesel. Their study, published online in the magazine Renewable Energy, envisions storing the energy in batteries or hydrogen tanks.
The work of Camila Flor, a student at the School of Industrial and Aeronautical Engineering, may form the basis for creating, for the first time, synthetic cartilage that is similar to human cartilage and has applications in patients with prostheses.
A landmark national survey on the use of nanotechnology for human enhancement shows widespread public support for applications of the new technology related to improving human health. However, the survey also shows broad disapproval for nanotech human enhancement research in areas without health benefits.
University of Chicago scientists have induced electrons in the nanocrystals of semiconductors to cool more slowly by forcing them into a smaller volume. This has the potential to improve satellite communications and the generation of solar power.
The American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) has announced the results of its biennial membership survey that projects the top public policy issues of concern to AIHA members and the occupational and environmental health and safety (OEHS) profession over the next two years.
Combining efforts of materials scientists and measurement laboratories with those of biological and medical researchers, a new Internet-linked 'community of interest' will exploit Web 2.0-style social networking technologies to enable creating and sharing information, as well as deliberating over technical details of in-process standards.
The World Cup may be two years away, but soccer aficionados can get an early start at satisfying their yen for global competition when the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the RoboCup Federation host the second-ever international nanosoccer contest next summer.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has licensed a patented 'optical tweezers' technique for detecting and measuring very small concentrations of a biological substance - such as a virus on a surface.
An academic in conjunction with the Student Branch of the IEEE at the University of Southampton plans to enter a solar-powered boat in the world championship of intercollegiate solar/electric boating next year.
Researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have developed a strong, flexible, bio-material that may be used someday to close wounds with minimal scarring and rejection by the immune system.