The Graduate School of Excellence 'Materials Science in Mainz' of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany, honored Professor Shoucheng Zhang of Stanford University, California, USA, with the 2010 Gutenberg Research Award.
Hydrogen is considered the fuel of the future. Yet this lightest of the chemical elements can embrittle the metals used in vehicle engineering. The result: components suddenly malfunction and break. A new special laboratory is aiding researchers' search for hydrogen-compatible metals.
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a new way to regulate the uncontrolled growth of blood vessels, a major problem in a broad range of diseases and conditions.
The concentrations of toxic nitrogen oxide that are present in German cities regularly exceed the maximum permitted levels. That's now about to change, as innovative paving slabs that will help protect the environment are being introduced. Coated in titanium dioxide nanoparticles, they reduce the amount of nitrogen oxide in the air.
In a pioneering research project, for the first time, scientists at IBM and the University of Aberdeen have collaborated to 'see' the structure of a marine compound from the deepest place on the Earth using an atomic force microscope (AFM). The results of the project open up new possibilities in biological research which could lead to the faster development of new medicines in the future.
Researchers have found that silicon, the most widely used material for computer chips and solar cells, can exhibit this strange property of 'retrograde melting' when it contains high concentrations of certain metals dissolved in it.
One Chicago skyline is dazzling enough. Now imagine 15,000 of them. A Northwestern University research team has done just that -- drawing 15,000 identical skylines with tiny beams of light using an innovative nanofabrication technology called beam-pen lithography (BPL).
A new membrane developed at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics blocks gas from flowing through it when one color of light is shined on its surface, and permits gas to flow through when another color of light is used.
This three-year ENIAC (European Nanoelectronics Initiative Advisory Council) project aims to achieve substantial advances in state-of-the-art medical 3D-imaging platforms by focusing on the diagnosis and therapy of serious diseases of the central nervous system and brain.
Through advancements in nanotechnology, Professor Babak Parviz, from the University of Washington, will explain at a NASA talk how contact lenses have been converted into systems that can complete extraordinary tasks.