A new study raises the possibility that flies and other insects that encounter nanomaterial 'hot spots', or spills, near manufacturing facilities in the future could pick up and transport nanoparticles on their bodies, transferring the particles to other flies or habitats in the environment.
Researchers in Japan have succeeded in the vapor-phase synthesis of a stack of nanometer-scale thin films of diamond using carbon isotopes 12C and 13C, which differ in mass. Electrons and holes were confined to a single material for the first time using the diamond stack.
Thin Film Technology is the field of work of Professor Wilhelm Schabel, holder of a shared professorship at the KIT: This shared professorship is the first, in which three enterprises are involved as industry partners: Bayer, BASF, and Roche.
A production line for uniform lipid-coated microspheres has been created by Japanese scientists. Using a microfluidic device, the team can continuously generate fluid-filled vesicles that are all the same size and all have a single lipid bilayer surrounding them, and could one day be used in drug delivery or artificial cells.
Eric Cochran, an associate scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, has received a National Science Foundation CAREER award, the organization's most prestigious award for junior researchers.
According to researchers at MIT, a minuscule encoding error creates a defective collagen molecule that, at the site of the amino acid substitution, repels rather than attracts the collagen molecule alongside it. This creates a tiny rift in the tissue, which when repeated in many molecules, leads to brittle tissue, broken bones, deformity and, in the most severe form of the disease, death.
University of Kentucky electrical and computer engineering researcher J. Todd Hastings has won a two-year, $300,000 Young Faculty Award from the national Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).