A University of Southampton nanoscientist is working on a new microsystem for more efficient testing of pharmaceutical drugs to treat diseases such as cystic fibrosis, MG (myasthenia gravis) and epilepsy.
Researchers from the Ruhr-Universitaet-Bochum (RUB) Department of Biophysics of Prof. Dr. Klaus Gerwert have succeeded in providing evidence that a protein is capable of creating a water molecule chain for a few milliseconds for the directed proton transfer. The combination of vibrational spectroscopy and biomolecular simulations enabled the elucidation of the proton pump mechanism of a cell-membrane protein in atomic detail. The researchers demonstrated that protein-bound water molecules play a decisive role in the function.
A research team led by Daniele Zink and Jackie Y. Ying at the A*STAR Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology has now developed membrane materials and coatings that are suitable for human proximal tubule cells growth and differentiation by modifying the surface of established materials and synthesizing novel materials.
A team led by a professor at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering has made a discovery in semiconductor nanowire laser technology that could potentially do everything from kill viruses to increase storage capacity of DVDs.
Researchers are developing new technologies that combine a laser and electric fields to manipulate fluids and tiny particles such as bacteria, viruses and DNA for a range of potential applications, from drug manufacturing to food safety.
A high-temperature superconductor can now be switched on and off within a trillionth of a second - 100 years after the discovery of superconductivity and 25 years after the first high-temperature superconductor was.
Japanese scientists report on a unique 'ubiquitous element strategy' for synthesizing industrially important electronic, thermionic, and structural materials using naturally abundant elements. This strategy aims to overcome the 'rare-element crisis' that was triggered by increasing demand for such elements as lithium, used in batteries, and dysprosium for Ne-Fe-B permanent magnets.
This event will look at the advances in nano-structured materials and scaffolds for use in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine and will provide a platform for delegates to learn about funding opportunities.
The interaction of materials with biological tissues and organisms and their adaptation to them play an important role in the development of implants. New developments, including some in the field of nanobiotechnology, are expected to bring improvements. In general, the production of functional implants depends on the adherent layer between the coating and the basic material.