Thirty-three Swiss research groups have joined the National Centre of Competence in Research "Quantum Science and Technology" (QSIT) with the aim of exploring the boundaries between classical and quantum mechanics, and combining different research approaches. The researchers are not just hoping for success with regard to a quantum computer. The leading house is ETH Zurich with Director Klaus Ensslin, a professor of experimental physics.
The wonder of science often comes from the endless possibilities opened up by each successive discovery and the unexpected findings that result. Scientists at the University of Bristol now have a new tool that will yield yet more and unprecedented levels of information - and crucially, without disturbing the natural, physical state of the object under scrutiny.
CEA-Leti researchers and their partners will report on projects that address fundamental challenges facing next-generation computing, medical diagnosis, communications, and portable electronics at ISSCC 2011, Feb. 20-24, in San Francisco, Calif.
Harnessing more than 30 years of photovoltaic research experience, a University of Arkansas engineering professor has found a way to increase sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiency and reduce the cost of expensive materials needed for solar-cell production. This technological breakthrough will decrease cost-per-watt production of solar electricity to a point at which it can compete with traditional, fossil-fuel-based methods.
Researchers from Northwestern University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have studied individual water droplets and discovered a miniature version of the "water hammer", an effect that produces the familiar radiator pipe clanging in older buildings.
Researchers are developing a new type of biological and chemical sensor that has few moving parts, is low-cost and yet highly sensitive, sturdy and long-lasting. The "diffraction-based" sensors are made of thin stripes of a gelatinous material called a hydrogel, which expands and contracts depending on the acidity of its environment.
In the first published critical review of technical developments related to electronic paper devices (i.e., e-readers like the Amazon Kindle), UC researcher Jason Heikenfeld and industry counterparts review the next generation of these devices.
University of Granada scientists and the Spanish Higher Institute for Scientific Research (CSIC) have made significant progress in understanding phospholipid vesicles , which are colloidal systems arising considerable interest from the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industry.
For the first time, the University of Notre Dame is holding a competition to recognize outstanding undergraduates from any university or college who are engaged in research in nanoscience and engineering.
Nematodes, microscopic worms, are making engineers look twice at their ability to exhibit the "Cheerios effect" when they move in a collective motion. These parasites will actually stick together like Cheerios swimming in milk in a cereal bowl after a chance encounter "due to capillary force." This observation has made Virginia Tech engineers speculate about the possible impacts on the study of biolocomotion.
Unprecedented single molecule imaging movies of living cell membranes, taken by a research team based at Kyoto University and the University of New Mexico, have clarified a decades-old enigma surrounding receptor molecule behaviors.