Ultra-short and extremely strong X-ray flashes are used by researchers to take 'snapshots' of the geometry of tiniest structures, for example the arrangement of atoms in molecules. To improve not only spatial but also temporal resolution further requires knowledge about the precise duration and intensity of the X-ray flashes. An international team of scientists has now tackled this challenge.
A team of scientists from Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute and IBM's T.J. Watson Research Center have developed a prototype DNA reader that could make whole genome profiling an everyday practice in medicine.
A group of European researchers are developing a next generation graphene based scanner which will allow hitherto unknown aspects of works of art and other historic objects to be revealed. The equipment will enable the viewing of hidden images on canvases and unveil what is hidden inside three dimensional objects sealed centuries ago.
Researchers at MIT say they have carried out a theoretical analysis showing that a family of two-dimensional materials exhibits exotic quantum properties that may enable a new type of nanoscale electronics.
The Baltic Sea Network is an ambitious collaborative research project between partner universities in Germany, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. The project focuses on the manufacture and characterisation of innovative structured nanomaterials for medical applications.
At the beginning of 2015, Chalmers University of Technology will start its first mooc - massive open online course - free of charge and accessible to anyone with a computer. The course will be on the super-material graphene, which has not been the subject for a mooc previously.
Researchers have reported the first direct observation of the electronic states of iron-sulfur clusters, common to many enzyme active sites. The states were revealed by computing the complicated quantum mechanical behavior of the electrons in the clusters.
A potential path to identify imperfections and improve the quality of nanomaterials for use in next-generation solar cells has emerged from a collaboration of University of Oregon and industry researchers.
Engineers have developed a polarizing filter that allows in more light, leading the way for mobile device displays that last much longer on a single battery charge and cameras that can shoot in dim light.