Researchers have taken a major step toward the sequencing of proteins, demonstrating the accurate identification of amino acids, by briefly pinning each in a nanopore between a pair of flanking electrodes and measuring a characteristic chain of current spikes passing through successive amino acid molecules.
At St. Paul's Cathedral in London, a section of the dome called the Whispering Gallery makes a whisper audible from the other side of the dome as a result of the way sound waves travel around the curved surface. Researchers have used the same phenomenon to build an optical device that may lead to new and more powerful computers that run faster and cooler.
A combined computational and experimental study of self-assembled silver-based structures known as superlattices has revealed an unusual and unexpected behavior: arrays of gear-like molecular-scale machines that rotate in unison when pressure is applied to them.
Nanostructures half the breadth of a DNA strand could improve the efficiency of light emitting diodes, especially in the 'green gap', simulations have shown. Nanostructure LEDs made from indium nitride could lead to more natural-looking white lighting while avoiding some of the efficiency loss today's LEDs experience at high power.
Engineers have demonstrated thin, soft stick-on patches that stretch and move with the skin and incorporate commercial, off-the-shelf chip-based electronics for sophisticated wireless health monitoring.
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is part of a wider group of materials known as transition metal dichalcogenides and has been put forward by researchers as a potential building block for the next generation of low-cost electrical devices.
The work is based on the use of a 'continuous flow' microreactor to produce nanoparticle inks that make solar cells by printing. Existing approaches based mostly on batch operations are more time-consuming and costly.
The clever thing about the technique is that researchers can target selected cells without harming surrounding tissue. There are many ways to kill cells, but this method is contained and remote-controlled.
A novel ultrathin collagen matrix assembly allows for the unprecedented maintenance of liver cell morphology and function in a microscale 'organ-on-a-chip' device that is one example of 3D microtissue engineering.