Hybrid inorganic-organic photovoltaic devices are attractive as next generation high efficiency thin film solar cells, but the photovoltaic performance is still low level compared with inorganic solar cells of Si, Cu(InGa)Se2 , and organic solar cells of C60.
Carbon nanocoils (CNCs) composed of helical shaped carbon nanofibers have potential applications including mechanical springs, nano-solenoids, and field emitters. Researchers have now described the CNC fracturing properties of eight CNCs using focused ion beam modification.
In a step toward understanding and exploiting an exotic form of matter that has been sparking excitement for potential applications in a new genre of supercomputers, scientists are reporting the first identification of a naturally occurring topological insulator.
Significant progress in EUV lithography as well as demonstrations of DSA advancements were among highlights at SPIE Advanced Lithography, the industry's leading annual forum on state-of-the-art lithographic tools, resists, metrology, materials characterization, and design and process integration. Researchers and developers from around the world met in San Jose, California, to report on advances in chip-making technologies that enable computers, smartphones, and other vital applications.
Organic materials are comparatively poor conductors of electricity. Under certain conditions, however, this can change significantly. Physicists have now experimentally determined how exactly such a change in conductivity works in a two-dimensional layer.
Blood, paint or ketchup are complex liquids composed of several different components. For the construction of pumps, or the improvement of technical processes scientists and engineers need description models. They make the special properties of such liquids predictable.
How the semiconductor industry can create the next generations of nanoscale computing technology will be one of the themes of the 2013 International Conference on Frontiers of Characterization and Metrology for Nanoelectronics, to be held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), March 25-28, 2013.
The IUCLID User Manual "Nanomaterials in IUCLID 5" includes instructions on how registrants can explicitly report when a nanoform has been used in (experimental) studies. It will help registrants to prepare or update registration dossiers for substances that are nanomaterials or include nanoforms.
In this study, scientists used various analysis tools, including EMSL's atom probe tomography (APT), focused ion beam, and accelerator capabilities, to examine complex oxide nanoclusters within oxide dispersion strengthened, or ODS, steels to determine their potential resistance and stability under a range of irradiation conditions.