Novel approach to fabricating artificial graphene nanoribbons with embedded pentagon carbon

(Nanowerk News) Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) have attracted much attention due to their unique electronic structures with high tunability of physical structures.
However, the fabrication feasibility of artificially tuned GNRs intrinsically associated with their external properties brings considerable challenges in the synthesis of GNRs and their utilization in devices.
Now, a research team led by Prof. SONG Fei from the Shanghai Advanced Research Institute (SARI) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has reported a novel approach to precisely fabricate well-defined GNRs with a tailored pentagon carbon embedded inside and supported on the Ag(111) model catalyst.
The results were published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters ("On-Surface Synthesis of Pentagon-Incorporated Graphene-Like Nanoribbons with Multiple Precursors").
Compared with the conventional solution-synthesis chemistry, on-surface Ullmann coupling strategy introduces feasibility and controllability on demand towards the atomically precise nanostructures of well-modified GNRs, through programmed cleavage of carbon-halogen bonding in precursors and the reconnection of carbon-carbon bonding on surface.
Moreover, by utilizing multiple precursors as designed, pentagon carbon structures can be feasibly introduced into GNRs via Ullmann coupling and cyclodehydrogenation on Ag(111), realizing the artificial modification of both nanostructures and electronic structures with high stability, as witnessed by scanning tunneling spectroscopy and density function theory.
This study provides a novel strategy to promote on-surface GNRs-based nanostructures towards field effect transistors, high-density storage devices, etc.
Source: Chinese Academy of Sciences (Note: Content may be edited for style and length)
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