Scientists and policymakers from around the world will gather Wednesday through Friday, March 20-22, at the University of California, Davis, to grapple with the threats of climate change for global agriculture and recommend science-based actions to slow its effects while meeting the world's need for food, livelihood and sustainability.
Proposed European legislation on auto fuel efficiency, to be debated this week, could create around 400,000 jobs and save the bloc tens of billions of euros in annual fuel costs, according to a new study.
Models of carbon dioxide in the world's oceans need to be revised, according to new work by UC Irvine and other scientists. Trillions of plankton near the surface of warm waters are far more carbon-rich than has long been thought, they found.
Photovoltaic industry leaders define priorities for the coming years: smarter policy support, more forward-thinking power market design, technical integration of PV into the electrical system, increased focus on industry innovation.
Saving energy is becoming ever more important for manufacturing companies. One prerequisite is to capture the machines' energy consumption for each step in the production process. This can be achieved with a monitoring system developed by Fraunhofer FIT that, due to its service-oriented architecture and its ability to use heterogeneous sensors, can easily be integrated in existing facilities.
The cost of enzymes, pre-treatment and fermentation have fallen significantly, but cellulosic biofuels still have some way to go to reduce project capital expenditure if they are to be competitive with corn-based ethanol and with gasoline.