The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has demonstrated a novel chip-scale instrument made of carbon nanotubes that may simplify absolute measurements of laser power, especially the light signals transmitted by optical fibers in telecommunications networks.
A team of researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology has shown that by bringing gold nanoparticles close to the dots and using a DNA template to control the distances, the intensity of a quantum dot's fluorescence can be predictably increased or decreased. This breakthrough opens a potential path to using quantum dots as a component in better photodetectors, chemical sensors and nanoscale lasers.
In a development that could lead to faster and more effective toxicity tests for airborne chemicals, scientists from Rice University and the Rice spinoff company Nano3D Biosciences have used magnetic levitation to grow some of the most realistic lung tissue ever produced in a laboratory.
Currently, there are 27 companies in India involved in nanotechnology-related business activities. In addition, there are 47 nanotechnology and nanoscience-related research and community organizations in India. There are 23 academic nanotechnology degree programs in India.
Ultrafast, efficient, and reliable single-photon detectors are among the most sought-after components in photonics and quantum communication, which have not yet reached maturity for practical application. Researchers have now achieved the decisive breakthrough by integrating single-photon detectors with nanophotonic chips. The detector combines near-unity detection efficiency with high timing resolution and has a very low error rate.
Researchers at the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute in Wako have moved a step closer to realizing spintronic devices by showing that "spin information" in various materials can travel much further than previously thought.
Ein internationales Forscherteam hat eine Möglichkeit gefunden, Datenmengen von bis zu einem Petabyte pro Quadratzoll zu speichern. Den Wissenschaftlern gelang es, Informationen, die im Spin eines Elektrons gespeichert sind, bei Raumtemperatur in einem organischen Molekül zu speichern und auszulesen.
Thanks to the tenacity of star physics students and the new tools of nanotechnology, a University of Alberta physics team has cracked the code to a magnetic mystery that scientists have been trying to solve for nearly 100 years.
A centre for research on graphene, a material which has the potential to revolutionise numerous industries, ranging from healthcare to electronics, is to be created at the University of Cambridge. The University has been a hub for graphene engineering from the very start and now aims to make this "wonder material" work in real-life applications.