Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers have synthesized thin carbon nanotube textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
Researchers describe a mathematical model for designing new materials for storing electricity. The model could be a huge benefit to chemists and materials scientists, who traditionally rely on trial and error to create new materials for batteries and capacitors.
Pre-lithiated multiwalled carbon nanotubes and activated carbon materials were used as anode and cathode respectively for Lithium-ion capacitors (LICs). The pre-lithiatiation was performed using internal short circuit approach. The LIC showed excellent supercapacitor performance.
Physicists have searched for deviations from standard quantum mechanics, testing whether quantum mechanics requires a more complex set of mathematical rules. To do so a research team designed a new photonic experiment using exotic metamaterials. Their experiment supports standard quantum mechanics and allows the scientists to place bounds on alternative quantum theories.
By careful synthesis of ultrafine layered structures or superlattices, built from layers of lead titanate and strontium titanate, researchers discovered they could create electrical spirals, called polar vortices, similar to the rotating vortices observed in magnetic systems.