Scientists have developed a method that allows the prediction of the current density-voltage curve of a photovoltaic device. This new method uses a common measurement technique (impedance spectroscopy) that is affordable, widely available to manufacturers, and relatively easy to perform.
Scientists have discovered a new way to control light. Light can be guided along the surface of a metal via a surface plasmon polariton phenomenon. When light guided along the surface of one metal encounters a different metal surface, the new type of plasmon called an 'inhomogeneous surface plasmon polariton' results that has controlled confinement properties.
Cancerous brain tumors are notorious for growing back despite surgical attempts to remove them - and for leading to a dire prognosis for patients. But scientists are developing a new way to try to root out malignant cells during surgery so fewer or none get left behind to form new tumors.
Researchers have created a new type of CNT solar cell that is twice as efficient as its predecessors. It is also the first CNT solar cell to have its performance certified by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Physicists has published new advances that they say make possible new nanostructures and nanotechnologies with huge potential applications ranging from clean energy and quantum computing advances to new sensor development.
The chemical stew that makes it possible is a mix of copper nitrate, phosphorous acid, hydrogen fluoride and water. When applied to a silicon wafer, the phosphorus acid reduces the copper ions to copper nanoparticles.
Biological aggregation is a critical, yet often overlooked factor in the medical application of nanoparticles. Here scientists systematically characterize the effects of aggregation on both radiofrequency heating and magnetic resonance image (MRI) contrast of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, including detailed analysis of the aggregate morphologies based on quasi-fractal descriptions.
In the quantum world, making the simple atom behave is one thing, but making the more complex molecule behave is another story. Now scientists have figured out an elegant way to stop a molecule from tumbling so that its potential for new applications, such as quantum computing, can be harnessed: shine a single laser on a trapped molecule and it instantly cools to the temperature of outer space, stopping the rotation of the molecule.