Physicists have used a scanning tunneling microscope to create quantum dots with identical, deterministic sizes. The perfect reproducibility of these dots opens the door to quantum dot architectures completely free of uncontrolled variations, an important goal for technologies from nanophotonics to quantum information processing as well as for fundamental studies.
This achievement paves the way toward smart composites that enable continued and automatic monitoring of the structural health of the composite material in for example tidal blades, wind turbines, airplanes or marine structures.
For his doctoral dissertation in the Goldman Superconductivity Research Group at the University of Minnesota, Yu Chen, now a postdoctoral researcher at UC Santa Barbara, developed a novel way to fabricate superconducting nanocircuitry. However, the extremely small zinc nanowires he designed did some unexpected - and sort of funky - things.
Researchers have developed a novel way to waterproof new functionalized materials involved in gas storage and separation by adding exterior surface grooves. Their study provides a blueprint for researchers to build similar materials involved in industrial applications, such as high performance gas separation and energy storage.
A novel metamaterial enables a fast, efficient and high-fidelity terahertz radiation imaging system capable of manipulating the stubborn electromagnetic waves, advancing a technology with potential applications in medical and security imaging.
For the ever-shrinking transistor, there may be a new game in town. Cornell researchers have demonstrated promising electronic performance from a semiconducting compound with properties that could prove a worthy companion to silicon.
In quantum physics, momentum and position are an example of conjugate variables. This means they are connected by Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, which says that both quantities cannot be simultaneously measured precisely. Recently, researchers have been developing novel techniques, such as 'weak measurement,' to measure both at the same time. Now Rochester physicists have shown that a technique called compressive sensing offers a way to measure both variables at the same time, without violating the Uncertainty Principle.
Engineered nano materials (ENM) are being used more and more in a variety of commercial products. However, there is also concern that some of these properties may be harmful to humans. The FP7-funded research project, NANOSOLUTIONS aims to address this problem by classifying the safety potential of a variety of ENMs.
Researchers have applied a new imaging technique called four-dimensional (4D) electron microscopy to the nanofluid dynamics problem. They describe how they visualized and monitored the flow of molten lead within a single zinc oxide nanotube in real time and space.