A consortium of scientists from across the country has found that breathing ultrafine particles from a large family of materials that increasingly are found in a host of household and commercial products, from sunscreens to the ink in copy machines to super-strong but lightweight sporting equipment, can cause lung inflammation and damage.
RTI is expanding the utility of its Nanomaterial Registry by partnering with research organizations, universities, and industry in the nanomaterial research community to answer important questions on the connections between nanomaterial physical and chemical characteristics and nanomaterial benefits and risks.
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a technique to isolate a single water molecule inside a buckyball and to drive motion of the so-called 'big' nonpolar ball through the encapsulated 'small' polar H2O molecule, a controlling transport mechanism in a nanochannel under an external electric field. They expect this method will lead to an array of new applications, including effective ways to control drug delivery.
Researchers were able to detect for the first time a major contributing factor to this limitation: trace residues of catalyst material left over from the development process prevent the organic photovoltaics from converting the maximum amount of sunlight to electricity.
In the microscopic world, everything is in motion: atoms and molecules vibrate, proteins fold, even glass is a slow flowing liquid. And during each movement there are interactions between the smallest elements and their neighbours. To make these movements visible, scientists at the Paul Scherrer Institute have developed a special model system.
For the first time, researchers from institutions around the country have conducted an identical series of toxicology tests evaluating lung-related health impacts associated with widely used engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). The study provides comparable health risk data from multiple labs, which should help regulators develop policies to protect workers and consumers who come into contact with ENMs.
University of Utah metallurgists used an old microwave oven to produce a nanocrystal semiconductor rapidly using cheap, abundant and less toxic metals than other semiconductors. They hope it will be used for more efficient photovoltaic solar cells and LED lights, biological sensors and systems to convert waste heat to electricity.
Every time a firefighter braves an inferno, a scientist wonders if a new material or special flame-resistant coating could be created to protect him. Today, armed with nanocomposite techniques and insights into bio-based materials, new classes of smart, adaptable super-surface coatings are possible, according to European researchers.
A handheld diagnostic device that Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators first developed to diagnose cancer has been adapted to rapidly diagnose tuberculosis (TB) and other important infectious bacteria.
Thermoelectric materials can be used to turn waste heat into electricity or to provide refrigeration without any liquid coolants, and a research team from the University of Michigan has found a way to nearly double the efficiency of a particular class of them that's made with organic semiconductors.
Frustration crops up throughout nature when conflicting constraints on a physical system compete with one another. The way nature resolves these conflicts often leads to exotic phases of matter that are poorly understood. New research explored how to frustrate a quantum magnet comprised of sixteen atomic ions - to date the largest ensemble of qubits to perform a simulation of quantum matter.
Ion channels are important drug targets. A young team of researchers from the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Vienna investigated the opening and closing mechanisms of these channels: for the first time the full energy landscape of such a large protein could be calculated in atomic detail.
In a promising development for diabetes treatment, researchers have developed a network of nanoscale particles that can be injected into the body and release insulin when blood-sugar levels rise, maintaining normal blood sugar levels for more than a week in animal-based laboratory tests.
IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting Announces 2013 Call for Papers in all areas of Electron Device Technology; Special Focus Sessions this year for BioMEMS, Analog Devices and Circuits, Advanced Semiconductor Manufacturing, and Terahertz Devices.