Researchers have developed new surface materials that are extremely difficult to wet both by water and oil. Because they don't need isolating air to stay trapped between the droplet and rough surface to prevent wetting, these surface materials work even when wet by another liquid.
Physicists have designed a light source that emits photon pairs. Two-photon sources are particularly well suited for tap-proof data encryption. The experiment's key ingredients: a semiconductor crystal and some sticky tape.
Engineers have developed a design for a functional nanoscale computing device. The concept involves a dense, three-dimensional circuit operating on an unconventional type of logic that could, theoretically, be packed into a block no bigger than 50 nanometers on any side.
Scientists have proven, for the first time, that introducing slight chemical modifications in DNA molecules may allow to introduce metallic ions in it, keeping its double-stranded structure and molecular recognition properties (for other DNA molecules, enzymes, proteins, etc.).
An electric current will not only heat a hybrid metamaterial, but will also trigger it to change state and fade into the background like a chameleon in what may be the proof-of-concept of the first controllable metamaterial device, or metadevice, according to a team of engineers.
By creating atomic chains in a two-dimensional crystal, researchers believe they have found a way to control the direction of materials properties in two and three dimensional crystals with implications in sensing, optoelectronics and next-generation electronics applications.
Some scientists have been exploring sugar alcohols as a possible material for making thermal storage work, but this direction has some limitations. One group of researchers wanted to investigate how mixing carbon nanotubes with sugar alcohols might affect their energy storage properties.
A new prototype of a lithium-sulphur battery - which could have five times the energy density of a typical lithium-ion battery - overcomes one of the key hurdles preventing their commercial development by mimicking the structure of the cells which allow us to absorb nutrients.
In order to understand how the brain controls functions, such as simple reflexes or learning and memory, we must be able to record the activity of large networks and groups of neurons. Conventional methods have allowed scientists to record the activity of neurons for minutes, but a new technology, known as a bionic hybrid neuro chip, is able to record activity in animal brain cells for weeks at a much higher resolution.