Liquid water is a very good heat storage medium - anyone with a Thermos bottle knows that. However, as soon as water boils or freezes, its storage capacity drops precipitously. Physicists have now observed very similar behavior in a gas of light particles.
Chemistry researchers have managed to coax molecules known as tellurazole oxides into assembling themselves into cyclic structures - a major advance in their field that creates a new and promising set of materials.
Researchers have demonstrated that carbon nanotubes are suited for use as on-chip light source for tomorrow's information technology, when nanostructured waveguides are applied to obtain the desired light properties.
Physicists have discovered radical new properties in a nanomaterial which opens new possibilities for the fabrication of highly efficient thermophotovoltaic cells, which could one day harvest heat in the dark and turn it into electricity.
The pulse splitting phenomenon, called soliton fission, could lead to novel rainbow light sources used in compact optical communications systems and lab-on-a-chip spectroscopic tools for portable medical diagnostics.