Winning teams will move forward to the third and final phase of the challenge - the Startup Phase. In this phase, the winning teams will form their startups to advance cancer nanotechnology inventions.
Researchers have developed single crystals made of lead halide perovskites, which are able to gage radioactive radiation with high precision. Initial experiments have shown that these crystals, which can be manufactured from aqueous solutions or low-priced solvents, work just as well as conventional cadmium telluride semi-conductors, which are considerably more complicated to produce.
Research sheds new light on the ways in which protons and neutrons can bind and even undergo a quantum phase transition. The work has implications for understanding the connections between nuclear interactions and nuclear structure found in nature.
Material scientists have developed a method to grow graphene that contains relatively few impurities and costs less to make, in a shorter time and at lower temperatures compared to the processes widely used to make graphene today.
Engineering researchers found that nanocomposites composed of layers of nickel and graphene can be tuned for optimal fracture strength by manipulating the structural arrangement of the graphene sheets.
Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today's physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. Researchers now have studied how to achieve a more stable propagation of light for future optical technologies.