Scientists have made advances in unlocking the mystery of how to break down tough cellulose in plant matter by investigating Fibrobacter succinogenes S85, an anaerobic bacterium found in the rumen of cows and other herbivores.
Researchers report on a novel biochemical method that enables the rapid and repeated regeneration of selected molecular constituents in situ after device implantation, which has the potential to substantially extend the lifetime of bioactive films without the need for device removal.
Researchers hoping to design new materials for energy uses have developed a system to make synthetic polymers with the versatility of nature's own polymers, the ubiquitous proteins. Based on an inexpensive industrial chemical, these synthetic polymers might one day be used to create materials with functions as limitless as proteins, which are involved in every facet of life.
Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), scientists have made a significant breakthrough in our understanding of how our molecular machinery finds the right DNA to copy, showing with unprecedented detail the role of a powerhouse transcription factor known as TFIID.