The Lloyd's Register Foundation has awarded grants totalling GBP 9 million to three international consortia in the field of nanotechnology. These grants support research and doctoral training that will support the Foundation's aims to advance engineering-related education and research and support work that enhances safety of life at sea, on land and in the air.
Researchers have shown that a new device concept - a 'squishy' transistor - can overcome the predicted power bottleneck caused by CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) technology reaching its fundamental limits.
It has long been accepted that such a thin layer of lubrication between sliding surfaces alternates along with the cycles of sticking and slipping; it starts as a solid, turns to liquid in the slipping phase and then back to a solid when the surfaces stick once again. But a recent paper suggests this model is incorrect.
This microfluidic technology uses microscale electric field gradients, acting on extremely small samples, to tell the difference between the two strains (antibiotic-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible) of Staphylococcus epidermidis.
By combining designer quantum dot light-emitters with spectrally matched photonic mirrors, a team of scientists created solar cells that collect blue photons at 30 times the concentration of conventional solar cells, the highest luminescent concentration factor ever recorded.
The inner space of carbon nanotubes can act as a template for the synthesis of nanodiamond-like carbon chains. As a team of scientists report, this templated polymerization approach paves the way for the design of novel one-dimensional nanomaterials.