Researchers have fabricated a multi-layer microfluidic 'organ-on-chip' device that mimics the structure of the human placental barrier that supports blood flow and exchange of material between the mother and fetus.
Combining experimental investigations and theoretical simulations, researchers have explained why platinum nanoclusters of a specific size range facilitate the hydrogenation reaction used to produce ethane from ethylene.
Origami, the ancient art of paper folding, may soon provide a foundation for antennas that can reconfigure themselves to operate at different frequencies, microfluidic devices whose properties can change in operation - and even heating and air-conditioning ductwork that adjusts to demand.
An international research team has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design. Arrays of solar cells are used in solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity.
Researchers have produced a cost-effective catalyst material for fuel cells using a new preparation process which they analysed in detail. It consists of iron-nitrogen complexes embedded in tiny islands of graphene only a few nanometres in diameter.
Scientists have built a flexible nanogenerator out of cellulose, an abundant natural material, that could potentially harvest energy from the body - its heartbeats, blood flow and other almost imperceptible but constant movements.
Researchers have reported results correlating the flake merging angle with grain boundary (GBs) properties, and proven that increasing the merging angle of GBs drastically improves the flow of electrons.
A recent study reveals that the photovoltaic performance in organic solar cells can be influenced by fullerene stereomer, implies that the stereomeric effect should be envisaged if new fullerene derivative was designed as electron acceptor.
Plant, yeast, even mammalian cells could be engineered into living detectors of virtually any molecule of interest to improve environmental monitoring, metabolic production of pharmaceuticals, and more.